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1 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Cawthorne, Rupert Peter (I1)
 
2 THE EARLY YEARS

At the time of writing,(circa 1983) we are able to show the direct line of descent, commencing with the marriage of GEORGE CHURLEY to MARY FARR at Uffculme on 8th June 1736. However so far we have been unable to trace this to George Churley’s ancestors with any degree of accuracy (see GEORGE l).

During the period prior to about 1715, when presumably George would have been born, it is clear that the various Parish Registers were largely incomplete. For example, between 1675 and 1720 not only are odd years missing from the TIVERTON Register, but the vital years 1606 to 1712 record no baptisms at all. Similarly, there are many gaps in the BURLESCOMBE Register between 1700 and 1712 - just the period during which George may have been born. There were many Churlys living at CULMSTOCK and. UFFCULME around 1710 but there are no records of baptisms.

However, I will later make some suggestions as to GEORGE CHURLEY’S possible ancestors, but before doing so, it may be helpful to consider the difficulties of tracing the family history during the 16th and 17th Centuries.

For the 16th Century there do not appear to be in existence any parish records for parishes in this eastern part of Devon other than those of UFFCULME, which, although difficult to read, commence with the year 1538, the year when under Henry VIII parish records started to be kept.

The Baptismal Registers at CULMSTOCK date from 1645 and the Marriage Registers from 1646, but the entries for 1677, 1678, 1685, 1687, 1688 and. 1689 are missing. HEMY0CK starts at 1602. Both WILLAND and UPLOWMAN commence at the early part of the 17th Century and TIVERTON and CULLUMPTON both towards the end of the 17th Century. However, in a book on Devon Place Names, it mentions CHURLEYS COTTAGE associated with WILLIAM CHURLEY in 1543 at UPLOWMAN in the HALBERTON HUNDRED.
It is not surprising that, for a number of years after 1692, there would appear to be laxity in registering baptisms, because in that year entries in parish registers were subject to tax. However, marriages are well recorded after 1699 when the maintaining of a separate Register of Banns became the law.
Looking back to the middle of the 17th Century, small matters such as registering a birth or the parish clergy keeping proper records were completely overshadowed by the outbreak of the Civil War in 1642 and 1645. There was bloody fighting in the West Country - the opposing armies living off the animals and crops of the local farms, and the King’s Commissioners demanding heavy taxes from the people of Devon to pay for the ammunition and arms of the troops who had been conscripted locally for the King’s army. Before Fairfax defeated the King and Prince Rupert at Nazeby, the Royalists were in this part of Devon, holding Tiverton and Lyme Regis, with Cromwell’s troops in Taunton. By October 1645, Tiverton to the west and Chard to the south-east fell to the Government, so the Churley country of East Devon must have been a bad place to be - most of the yeomen were bankrupted by the taxes or the pillaging and destruction of their property.

During Cromwell’s years of rule until 1660, the Churches suffered greatly and after the Restoration the West Country seems to have been in turbulence, culminating in 1685 when the Duke of Monmouth landed about 20 miles south of the Culm Valley and. once again a rebel army of 7,000 was raised from the West Country villages and towns, but was routed at the Battle of Sedgemoor some 25 miles east of Culmstock and Uffculme.

During the years following the Civil War, i.e. the 1640’s and 50’s, there seems to have been five separate families of Churly at CULMSTOCK, then a small market town, having a considerable woollen industry and with twice the population that it now has. It would be interesting to know on which side these Churlys fought or had sympathies with, both during the Civil War and forty years later during the Monmouth Rebellion.

THE CHURLYES IN THE 16TH CENTURY

The first mention of the family is WILLIAM CHURLEY, who lived at CHURLEYS COTTAGE, UPLOWMAN in 1543, and. then in the UFFCULME Parish Register towards the end of the reign of King Henry VIII, when the baptism of ELIZABETH CHURLYE or CHORLYE is recorded as 15th March 1544. In April 1553 a JONE CHURLEY was baptized and it is recorded that in April 1569 the Bastard son of JONE CHURLEY was baptized; however, three months later, on 27th June 1569, JONE CHURLEY married JOHN ELLES at UFFCULME.

It is of interest to recall that, although JOSIAH the son of ROBERT CHURLYE was baptised at Uffculme in January 1582, when ROBERT died in TIVERTON in 1587 (assuming it was the same Robert), his Will mentions his wife ELIZABETH and four daughters; but no sons - presumably poor JOSIAH did not live. However, there would appear to have been at least one large family of Churleys living at MILVERTON - just over the boarder in Somerset - in the later years of the 16th Century, until at least 1616.

It is most surprising that, although the MILVERTON parish records from 1539 to 1730 were searched, no single birth or baptism was found, in spite of there being records of the following marriages: -.
29.7.1592. Henrie Churley and Emmyn Hellinge.
25.10.1595. Agnes Churley and. William Leekey.
31.1.1599. Thomas Churley and Elizabeth Chibbett.
5.11.1599. Alice Churly and Richard Staple.
28.11.1601. Thomas Churley and. Marie Gill.
13.11.1602. John Churley and. Hester Boyce.
30.11.1616. Robert Churlie and Joan Hunniwell.

N.B. After the above, there are no records of Churleys in MILVERTON, except that “JOAN CHURLY of MILVERTON” married Richard. Mede at ASHBRITTLE on 15.2.1717, but there are many CHORLEYS mentioned. However, years later there must have been CHURLEYS in MILVERTON because at HEMYOCK on 5. 2.1672 a HENRY CHURLEY of MILVERTON” married. a Johan Bond.

THE CHURLYES IN THE 17TH CENTURY

In the early years of the 17th Century there were Churleys in the small parish of Uplowman, in Uffculme and. Culmstock.

UPLOWMAN On 4th May 1616 WILLIAM son of JOHN CHURELEY was baptized in UPLOWMAN CHURCH and on 20th June 1619 MARY the daughter of ZACHARY CHURLEY was also baptized. (This same MARY was in 1624 left a sum of 20 shillings under the Will of JOHN OSMOND of CHILLOWMAN near HALBERTON).

It is further recorded that in 1623 THOMAS CHURLEY (a TAYLOR) of UPLOWMAN left 20 shillings to ELIZABETH daughter of JAMES CHURLEY.

No further mention of the family at UPLOWMAN is recorded until 1704 when a MARY CHURLY is buried.

UFFCULME During the 17th Century the name CHURLEY seldom appears in the records of UFFCULME Parish Church, but the baptismal records for 1619 to 1680 are very indistinct. However, an important entry is that showing JOHN CHURLE of GADDON having a daughter ALLICE in 1633, and in JUNE 1638 another daughter JOAN “by Augustine his wife”, and in May 1637 and November 1653 JOHN. His wife AGNES registered the births of ROBERT and MELLONY.

However, the next clear entry and the last in this Century in the Uffculme Parish Register is the baptism of NICHOLAS son of JOHN CHURLEY of CULMSTOCK on 15th January 1657.

If the entry referred to above of JOHN CHURLE of GADDON is correct, it would seem that the family remained in GADDON for another 200 years (until 1829) when a THOMAS CHURLEY sold the original house and. land.

A book on Devon Place Names (pages 553, etc.) records that GADDON HOUSE was GATTON in 1249, becoming known as GADDON by 1408 and 1413. The meaning of the name is given as “GOAT FARM or HILL” and today the description could be apt.

GADDON is and was in the parish of UPFCULME in the BAMPTON HUNDRED but now consists of two farms and two houses on the north west slope of GADDON DOWN, which is a long saddle-back hill rising about 200 ft. from CRADDOCK in the north east, running south west for about a mile and overlooking UFFCULME and. the CULM VALLEY. The two houses and farms have commanding views over the valley and the town and both GADDON and GADDON HOUSE are now of QUEEN ANNNE style.
CULMSTOCK There must have been many families of CHURLYE living within the parish of Culmstock, which is adjacent to UFFCULME, but the earliest Parish Records are from 1645 and show during the next ten years five separate families, some of which may well have been involved in the woollen cloth trade with its centre in TIVERTON. During the 1670’s a the manufacture of serge had started in a big way and the Churleys may well have in this period supplied the mills and employed the labour for its manufacture, as clearly they were doing prior to 1711 (see Indentures, etc.)

In the 1690’s Holland was the greatest customer for the Devonshire serge and in many cases Dutch bricks were often brought back as ballast to Topsham. An early and interesting brick building is the Ayshford School at UFFCULME, which is dated 1705. The Ayshford family living at nearby BURLESCOMBE up to 1689 (see GEORGE and. MARY). However, towards the later years of the 17th Century the records seem to indicate only one or two families residing in CULMSTOCK.

UFFCULME AND CULMSTOCK 1600 - 1700


HENRY* = m. JOANE
YEOMAN

HELEN HENRY
(b. 26.2.1679) (buried 15.7.1705)



GEORGE CHURLEY* = m. ELIZABETH
SERGEMAKER

HENRY ELEANOR JOHN DOROTHEE THOMAS JOANE
(b. 5.9.1686) (b. 7.10.1688) (b. 14.9.1690) (b. 24.12.1695) (b. 28.3 97) (b. 19.5.1700)




HOLCOMBE ROGUS 1600 - 1700


ROBERT CHURLEY = m. JOAN BAKER (of CULMSTOCK)
(6.8.1687)


THE CHURLYS DURING THE PERIOD 1700 - 1720

It is clear that during this period, when GEORGE would have been born, there were numerous CHURLY families in East Devon but few records can be found, the two principal ones being the early years of the THOMAS CHURLY family at SAMFORD PEVERELL and the marriage and. birth of two daughters to URIEL CHURLY at BURLESCOMBE. (Hand written note by CBC “Uriel may have been an elderly man when he married.”)

UFFCULME - SAMFORD PEVERELL and BURLESCOMBE 1700 - 1720


THOMAS CHURLEY = m. WINIFRED APLIN of KENTISBEARE
(at Uffculme on 26.12.1700)

THOMAS GRACE ANN NO NAME


URIAL CHURLY = m. PATIENCE CHURLY of UFFCULME
31.10.1710
(at BURLESCOMBE)

ELIZABETH ELIZABETH
(B. 2.6.1712) (B. 11.4.1719)


NB. URIAL CHURLY was Churchwarden for 1712.



CULMSTOCK 1700 - 1720


JOHN CHURLY = m. ALLICE MARSHAL
(d. 16.12.1728) 8.1.1701 (d. 19.5.1732)
(at UFFCULME)

JOHN? A DAUGHTER who married a JOHN THOMAS

GENERAL NOTE. No births or baptisms were recorded in Culmstock or Uffculme during the period 1700 to 1720, except the above. This is in spite of the Mortgage Deeds of 1711 showing the following: -

GEORGE CHURLY the younger of CULMSTOCK Sergemaker son of JOHN CHURLY of UFFCULME.
NICHOLAS CHURLY of UFFCULME, Yeoman.
HENRY CHURLY the younger Sergemaker of CULMSTOCK son of HENRY CHURLY of UFFCULME.
ROBERT CHURLY of CULMSTOCK another son of JOHN of UFFCULME.

? Did whole family become Congregationalists or move into Somerset? 
Churley, John or Uriel (I103)
 
3 At least one living or private individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Mankiewicz, Alexandra Kate (I307)
 
4 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Albert William Ballyman (I18)
 
5 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churley, Robert (I29)
 
6 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Fry, Mary (I30)
 
7 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Oliver (I46)
 
8 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Arthur (I49)
 
9 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Septimus (I50)
 
10 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Octavius (I51)
 
11 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Emma (I52)
 
12 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Mary Rosetta (I53)
 
13 1841 Census :
Robert Churly 45 Yeoman
Mary Churly 40
Oliver Churly 15
Arthur Churly 13
Albert Churly 11
Septimus Churly 9
Octavius Churly 7
Emma Churly 6
Mary Churly 4
Ann Churly 2
all residing at Samptery [?] in Cullompton, Devon. 
Churly, Ann Ballyman (I54)
 
14 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone.
Alfred (15) therefore appears to have been in about 1826 and not the 1833 previously recorded. 
Cawthorne, Alfred (I44)
 
15 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone. 
Cawthorne, John (I42)
 
16 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone. 
Cawthorn, Mary (I40)
 
17 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone. 
Cawthorn, Jane Emily (I19)
 
18 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37 (mother)
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2 (daughter)
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone. 
Baldwin, Mary Sarah Elizabeth Jane (I39)
 
19 1841 Census:
John Cawthorn 37
Mary Cawthorn 37 (mother)
Alfred Cawthorn 15
Jane Cawthorn 6
George Cawthorn 4
Mary Cawthorn 2 (daughter)
all living at 113 Wellington Road, Marylebone. 
Cawthorne, George Adolphus (I43)
 
20 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died.
However there's an Alfred Cawthorn (aged 25 and therefore Born in 1826) in the 1851 Census with his wife Sarah (25) at 2 Alfred Road in Bermondsey. Profession shown as Stock Broker Clerk.
QUESTION Is this the Alfred Cawthorn who went Mauritius? 
Cawthorne, Alfred (I44)
 
21 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died. 
Baldwin, Mary Sarah Elizabeth Jane (I39)
 
22 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died. 
Cawthorne, John (I42)
 
23 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died. 
Cawthorn, Jane Emily (I19)
 
24 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died. 
Cawthorne, George Adolphus (I43)
 
25 1851 Census:
Mary Cawthorn 50 - Head of Household - Proprietress of House
Jane Cawthorn 16 Daughter
Mary Cawthorn 12 Daughter
Mary Hersey 19 Servant
are all resident at 23 Norfolk Road, Marylebone.
Note that the surname Cawthorn is still being spelt without the final E.
Neither of the two sons (Alfred and George) are mentioned. Had they already left for Mauritius? John Cawthorne (according to Clement's notes) is presumed to have died. 
Cawthorn, Mary (I40)
 
26 1861 Census
Mary Cawthorne 61 Head of Household
Agnes Bird 32 Boarder
John Bird 5 Boarder
Harry Bird 3 Boarder
all residing at 24 St Paul's Road, Lambeth.
It appears that Mary Cawthorne (spelt in the 1861 Census with an E) had a female lodger with two small children. None of Mary's four children are shown at this address.
By 1861 George (1826) would be 35, Jane (1835) 26, Alfred (1833) 28 and Mary (1839) 22. 
Baldwin, Mary Sarah Elizabeth Jane (I39)
 
27 1861 Census :
Albert Churly 30 Head of Household - General Dealer
Emily Churly 26 Governess
both live at 71½ Cross Street, Lambeth. This is two years after they were married in 1859. "Jane Emily" put her Name on the Census as "Emily". 
Churly, Albert William Ballyman (I18)
 
28 1861 Census :
Albert Churly 30 Head of Household - General Dealer
Emily Churly 26 Governess
both live at 71½ Cross Street, Lambeth. This is two years after they were married in 1859. "Jane Emily" put her Name on the Census as "Emily". 
Cawthorn, Jane Emily (I19)
 
29 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spealt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Baldwin, Mary Sarah Elizabeth Jane (I39)
 
30 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Churly, Albert William Ballyman (I18)
 
31 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Cawthorn, Jane Emily (I19)
 
32 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Churly, Emily Eliza Sarah (I23)
 
33 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Churley, Edith Ellen (I25)
 
34 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Churley (Cawthorne), George James (I26)
 
35 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E. 
Churley (Cawthorne), Alfred Matthew (I11)
 
36 1871 Census :
Octavus Churly Head 37 General Dealer
"Hestor" (typo for Esther?) Wife 37
William Churly Son 15
Robert Churly Son 13
Isabella Churly Daughter 10
Albert Churly Son 7
Arthur Churly Son 5
Clar??a Churly Daughter 2
???ther Son 1 month
were living at 5 Felix Street, Islington. None of Octavus' six children listed here have yet been added to this Family tree. 
Churly, Octavius (I51)
 
37 1871 Census :
Thomas Churly Head unmarried 43 Butcher's Assistant
lived at 8 The Square, Uffculme, Devon 
Churly, Thomas (I666)
 
38 1881 Census :
Septimes Churley Head 49 General Dealer
Elizabeth Churley Wife 45 Born Clerkenwell, Middx
Arthur Churley son 19
Lydia Churley Daughter 15
Oliver Churley Son 6
Ernest Churley Son 3
Henry Folwell Visitor Widower 77
Louisa Hunter Servant 60
all lived at 15 Lower Park Road, Camberwell.
None of the children have yet been entered in this tree. 
Churly, Septimus (I50)
 
39 1881 Census:
Thomas Curly Head Unmarried 54 Agricultural Labourer
lived at High Street, Uffculme, Devon 
Churly, Thomas (I666)
 
40 1891 Census : Ellen S Hibberd (aged 6) living as a Boarder/Scholar at 164 Lordship Road, Stoke Newington as part of the Charles Montague Mitchell (44) household : Alice (42), Lilian Alice (18), Audrey E (18), Shirley (12), Kate (9) and the adopted Ellen (6). There was also a resident cook and a resident housemaid. CMM was described as a "Stocks & Shares dealer".
1901 Census : Ellen Shirley Hibberd (aged 16) living at 15 Wedderburn Road, Hampstead with Charles Montague Mitchell ("Stock Jobber"). Ellen shown as "Adopted Daughter". Others living at this address were : Alice (52), Shirley (22) - "Stock Jobber", Audrey (23). Two daughters i.e Kate (who had died aged about 14) and Lilian (about 28) are not listed. Three servants : Elizabeth A Squire (Cook), Sophie Townsend.(Parlourmaid) and Horace M Franklin (Houseman).
1911 Census : Ellen Shirley Hibberd (aged 26) working as a Nurse at St Botolph's without Aldgate hospital. 
Hibberd, Ellen (Nellie) Shirley (I523)
 
41 1892 Wedding registered in Steyning under both names : Alfred Matthew CHURLEY and Alfred Matthew CAWTHORNE. Churley (Cawthorne), Alfred Matthew (I11)
 
42 1895 KATHLEEN FRANCES

Born at Woodside, Surrey, and at aged 6 sent as weekly boarder to Campion Home School, Sydenham (“horrible”). Spent her holidays at CASTLEDENE at the top of Fox Hill and kept her donkey at her Grandfather’s house, BEAU CHENE, half-way down Fox Hill. About 1904 the family moved to GRANGEHURST, Woldingham, where she remembers the horse, pony, governess cart, picnics. Woldingham was at this time deep in the country and completely undeveloped. It was at this time that a large house called SYLVAN MOUNT was built by her father and the family moved in 1907.
She continued and finished schooling at Ravenscroft School, Seaford (since moved to Eastbourne) and, finding school work easy and being good at games, became School Prefect.
Having left school just before the Great War, when war broke out she insisted that she should take up a career and entered University College Hospital as a Medical Student. Here she seems to have been able to study and enjoy herself, at the same time qualifying both as a L.R.C.P. and M.R.C.S.
In 1920 Kathleen married the senior curate to Dick Shepherd at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London - HUGH J. MATTHEWS. After marriage and about five years in Poplar, she continued with her career as a G.P. and later as an eye specialist until she retired in 1970.
In 1914 lady doctors were a rarity, but she had the example of Dr. Ethel Bowlby, who was her mother’s doctor and had attended at her birth and that of her younger brothers and sisters.
Kathleen was no doubt the brains of the family, but tended to plough her own furrow and for this reason was less one of the family than her brothers and sisters.A FEW OF KATHLEEN’S RECOLLECTIONS OF HER EARLY CHILDHOOD (aged 87
I. First I remember Castledean”, Upper Norwood, once owned by Bulmer Lytton and had a folly in the garden - Pa in good funds!
Death of Queen Victoria - ran along the parapet wall of the hotel in Crystal Palace Road - a terrible thing to do! Ticked off by hateful old nurse.
II. Moved to country, “Grangehurst”, Woldingham. Had in turn, goat and chaise, donkey and trap, and finally pony and governess cart (Leighton fell out into the road).
III. Moved to “Sylvan Mount”. Had a pony for myself to ride - hunted once with Old Surrey Staghounds on a leading rein - Master: Mr. McTaggart- soon joined Old Surrey Foxhounds and we hunted from Addington Park to Edenbridge (we used to “box” down to Edenbridge meet).
IV. Schools.
Ravenscroft, Warlingham
(a) Either train to Upper Warlingham - 2d return or
(b) Rode there and taunted the groom “Girlie” - Randall our Mrs. R’s brother.
Ravenscroft, Seaford until 17½ years old.
All my youth it was peaceful until I was about 13 (1908), the beginning of fear of German invasion. Pa said he would shoot Ma and me if they came.
V. Before the War, Pa had his ups and downs financially - had the land but not always the “ready”. When he was down, Ma said he would wear a flower in his buttonhole. She was marvellous with him and I think felt it when in the early thirties Leighton became “Mick and Mack” as she had always been his helpmate until then.
VI. The feeling in my youth was that things were always “fixed happily” and could not change.In 1914 all changed and now too awful everywhere and in the U.K. beginning with us - of our seven horses, six were requisitioned, leaving one untrained called “Rowley” - a beast I “cubbed” it and it was sold at Tattersalls “Ridden by a lady”. It used to rear and I was terrified it might fall back.
Early days at Sylvan Mount and later
(a) Mother “at home” third Thursdays (Kathleen once ate all the cherries on the top of the little cakes before the people came).
(b) Hughes boys riding on Sunday morning to “vet”. The adolescent Kathleen hoofed off by Pa. I later met Basil Hughes when to ? Charity.
VII. After the War, we moved many times, each time buying cheaply and improving and selling again. 
Cawthorne, Dr. Kathleen Frances (I13)
 
43 1897 ALFRED STUART BLOMFIELD
Born at Dr. Bowlby’s home, 79 Uxbridge Road, Ealing (Brentford) when family were living at CASTLEDENE, Tudor Road, Upper Norwood. Stuart was not a robust baby or child, but although neither his mother nor his father was musical, he must have inherited an ear for music from his grandfather, Albert B. Churley. He went to a private school, “Watkins” at Caterham, and eventually went to Blundells School in Devon and left without distinguishing himself in July 1914, and at the age of 17¼ and giving his age as 18, he volunteered and joined the Guards at Caterham Barracks. However, he quickly went to the Inns of Court Regiment for officer training and was commissioned in the Norfolk Yeomanry, but within a month or two managed to transfer to the Middlesex Yeomanry, in which regiment he served throughout the war.
During the school holidays he had hunted with the Old Surrey and Burstow Hunt, there being usually six hunters and a pony in the stables of Sylvan Mount, one of which, GOLDEN FLASH, had won a race in the Hunt Point-to-Point in 1912. 1914 was a time of family affluence, as we had in addition to hunters two Arrol-Johnson cars and a large staff of servants, both indoors and out.
He served during the war without serious injury, although his ship was sunk in the Mediterranean, and later, just when the Unit was to land to reinforce the troops at the Dardanelles, it was re-routed to Egypt. He was in the advance against the Turks from the Suez across the desert and fighting the Turks in Palestine, he was one of the first to enter Jerusalem, preparing the way for General Allenby to enter in triumph. Later he was A.D.C. to a General Thwaites and after the war was demobilised with the rank of Captain.
He had clearly been a wild officer and, as a young civilian, he was equally wild; while with Cox’s Bank in Athens his exploits led to the suggestion that he should return to London. Later, in about 1928, he went on the stage and toured with a well-known repertory company, eventually getting good parts in ‘Stop Flirting’ and ‘Yellow Sands’ in London theatres.
Stuart was a man of great charm - particularly to women. He was often falling in and out of love, and, when in love, would play the piano for hours. He could go to a musical theatre show and come home and play the tunes by ear. He was generous, but nearly always broke, in spite of having his debts paid by his father from time to time. He somehow thought that he knew the horses and their form, but usually lost his money.
Stuart married late in life MARY ELEANOR (née Mitchell) on 18th October 1946, by whom he had a son, NIGEL, born 26th July 1948. It is curious that Stuart, who was in temperament similar to his uncle, George, married a Roman Catholic, as his uncle had done when he married Bessie.
Stuart served during the World War of 1939-45 for a short time in the Pioneer Corp, but for the greater part in the Sudan Defence Force with the rank of Bimbashi (Major), spending long periods on the one hand in the Qattara Depression during the battles with Romel, and later in Eritrea against the Italians.
This second bout of war service, and perhaps his gay life, undermined his health and he died in 1955 at the age of 58. 
Cawthorne, Alfred Stuart Blomfield (I14)
 
44 1899 MURIEL MARGUERITE Died
Born at CASTLEDENE, Tudor Road, Upper Norwood, at the time that her father was well back on his feet after the calamity some years before. After a time, nanny, Nurse Bird, was employed to look after Muriel. Nurse Bird later left to go to China in the Mission Field and kept up correspondence with the family for some years.
Castledene was a large house, with a large folly or castle in the garden, and. had previously belonged to General Bulmer Lytton.
When the family moved to Woldingham, Muriel used to ride in to Caterham - 3 miles each way to Eothen School, until 1915 when, owing to the war, she left and the family - not Kathleen and Stuart - moved to 12, Grosvenor Crescent, St. Leonards-on--Sea.
After the War, Muriel studied at the Slade School of Art in London under Professor Tonks, but specialised in modelling. She led a very full life, having a good allowance and her own car and was given long winter sports holidays each year. She received many proposals of marriage but eventually, on a sea trip from the Canaries, met Otway Waller, who was bringing his yacht back from the Canary Isles, having failed in an attempt to sail the Atlantic single-handed. When Otway obtained his divorce in 1931, they married. He died in 1949, leaving her with three young sons, the eldest being at Haileybury, to bring up on a very little money.
Margaret, as she was called after her marriage to Otway, was gifted artistically, was a good horsewoman, skier, tennis player arid golfer, and quite a shrewd business woman in necessity. She was extremely pretty, an extrovert and had a happy personality, in spite of health problems. 
Cawthorne, Muriel (Margaret) Marguerite (I15)
 
45 1901 Census :
Alfred Cawthorne Head 31 Surveyor
Annie F Cawthorne Wife 29
Kathleen F Daughter 5
Stuart Son 3
Muriel Daughter 2
Nellie Hill Servant 25
Ballyman Churley Visitor 66 Living on own means
Janet Churley Visitor 58 Living on own means 
Churley (Cawthorne), Alfred Matthew (I11)
 
46 1901 Census :
Alfred Cawthorne Head 31 Surveyor
Annie F Cawthorne Wife 29
Kathleen F Daughter 5
Stuart Son 3
Muriel Daughter 2
Nellie Hill Servant 25
Ballyman Churley Visitor 66 Living on own means
Janet Churley Visitor 58 Living on own means 
Woods, Annie Francis (I12)
 
47 1901 Census :
Alfred Cawthorne Head 31 Surveyor
Annie F Cawthorne Wife 29
Kathleen F Daughter 5
Stuart Son 3
Muriel Daughter 2
Nellie Hill Servant 25
Ballyman Churley Visitor 66 Living on own means
Janet Churley Visitor 58 Living on own means 
Cawthorne, Dr. Kathleen Frances (I13)
 
48 1901 Census :
Alfred Cawthorne Head 31 Surveyor
Annie F Cawthorne Wife 29
Kathleen F Daughter 5
Stuart Son 3
Muriel Daughter 2
Nellie Hill Servant 25
Ballyman Churley Visitor 66 Living on own means
Janet Churley Visitor 58 Living on own means 
Cawthorne, Alfred Stuart Blomfield (I14)
 
49 1901 Census :
Alfred Cawthorne Head 31 Surveyor
Annie F Cawthorne Wife 29
Kathleen F Daughter 5
Stuart Son 3
Muriel Daughter 2
Nellie Hill Servant 25
Ballyman Churley Visitor 66 Living on own means
Janet Churley Visitor 58 Living on own means 
Cawthorne, Muriel (Margaret) Marguerite (I15)
 
50 1901. LEIGHTON HARGRAVE. (Died 20th February 1977).
Born at Dr. Bowlby’s, 79 Uxbridge Road, Ealing, when the family still lived at CASTLEDENE, UPPER NORWOOD, was at “The Limes” School, Croham Hurst, Croydon when War Broke out in 1914 and soon after the family moved to 12, Grosvenor Crescent, St. Leonards, he was sent to Blundells. However, the family finances were so bad that, after a year or 18 months, he was withdrawn and joined Clement at University College School, Hastings. The educational attainments of this school were appalling, so he left without his School Certificate or Matriculation.
His ambition was to become a farmer, but there was certainly no money available for this, so he joined a shipping office in Liverpool and sometime later joined his father at 121 Victoria Street. The lack of a School Certificate prevented his qualifying as an Architect, but later he practised with his father as an Architect and Surveyor. He developed a remarkable memory for details of country estates about which he had read or visited, and he and his father became a good team, as his father could usually buy at the right price and Leighton sell at the right price.
In 1932 he married BARBARA ANN COLE, having a daughter VIRGINIA and a son STEPHEN.
Leighton’s principal hobby was his garden, although in his younger days he enjoyed village cricket and was a most graceful skier - an exponent of the “telemark” position. He enjoyed parties of all sorts and holidaying in the sun. 
Cawthorne, Leighton Hargrave (I16)
 

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