George James Churley (Cawthorne)1868 - 1929 (60 years)
Name George James Churley (Cawthorne) Born 26 Dec 1868 Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Rd, Sydenham, Kent Gender Male _UID A9371F56405B8F4C96564597A30DB8B2AD74 Died 21 Oct 1929 Buried All Saints Church, Staplehurst, Kent Person ID I26 cawthorne Last Modified 27 Jan 2017
Father Albert William Ballyman Churly, b. 1830, Cullompton, Devonshire , d. 29 May 1910 (Age 80 years) Mother Jane Emily Cawthorn, b. 17 Jan 1835, Clerkenwell, Middlesex , d. 1923, Uffculme, Fox Hill, Upper Norwood, Surrey (Age 87 years) Married 11 Aug 1859 St. George, Camberwell, Surrey _UID 8E2037A4D88A534BB873AD021B8D7F40CA53 Family ID F5 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family 1 Sarah Ann Gough, b. 1833, d. 30 Jan 1913, Windlesham (Age 80 years) Married 19 Aug 1891 Parish Church, Handsworth, Staffs _UID CDD65D0A7A455B4C830024A2D95AA334C3E1 Last Modified 21 Jan 2017 Family ID F9 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Family 2 Isabel Elizabeth (Bessie) Knight, b. 10 Apr 1891, d. 19 Dec 1976 (Age 85 years) Married 1915 _UID F929D1D2BF970D4CA1DEB31364022C18635F Children 1. George William Ballyman Cawthorne, b. 29 Oct 1916, Willesden, Bucks , d. Mar 2003, Tunbridge Wells (Age 86 years) 2. Lorna Margaret J Cawthorne, b. 9 Mar 1919, Brentford, Middlesex , d. Dec 2005 (Age 86 years) 3. Alan David Knox Cawthorne, b. 17 Mar 1921, Godstone, Kent , d. 27 Dec 2018, Isle of Wight (Age 97 years) 4. John Arthur Tyndale Cawthorne, b. 16 Oct 1922, d. Dec 1995, Bromley, Kent (Age 73 years) 5. Elizabeth Edith Wickcliffe Cawthorne, b. Mar 1924, St George, Hanover Square , d. 4 Jan 2013, Seaford, Sussex (Age ~ 88 years) 6. Richard Graves Martin Cawthorne, b. 18 Oct 1925, d. Nov 2002, Gravesend , Kent (Age 77 years) 7. David John Hooper Cawthorne, b. 12 Jan 1929, Paddington , d. 8 Jan 2010, Reigate (Age 80 years) Last Modified 14 Dec 2016 Family ID F10 Group Sheet | Family Chart
Event Map = Link to Google Earth
Photos Albert, George and Alfred Churley
Three Churley Brothers : Albert William Churley (1861-1881) - top left , George James Churley (1869-1929) - top right and Alfred Matthew Churley (later Cawthorne) (1870-1957) - front.
Documents George James Churly (Cawthorne)
Born 26 Dec 1868 at Hawthorne Cottage, Wells Road, Sydenham, Kent
- Changed name to CAWTHORNE by Deed Poll in April 1891
GEORGE JAMES Died 21 Oct. 1929 in his 61st year.
Married (i) SARAH ANN GOUGH 19th August 1891. (Died 1913).
(ii) ISOBEL ELIZABETH (BESSIE) KNIGHT in 1915. (Died 1977).
George was born at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, and although little is known of his childhood, in later life he was a man of great charm and built up a wide circle of friends, both male and female. He clearly enjoyed mixing with the "best people" and when he had the money entertained lavishly. At 22 he met a rich widow of Graville Hall near Evesham, and wishing to marry her (she was about 64), no doubt because of the family trouble which had occurred when he was a boy, he changed his name by deed poll early in 1891 to that of his mother's maiden name, CAWTHORNE. (See ALBERT 9 ). When George married Sarah Ann, widow of Ashwin Drope Gough, on 19th August 1891, he gave his address as of Stretton House, Leamington Spa.
George and Sarah, in spite of their difference in age, were reputed to have been very happy and the marriage lasted until she died at about 85. They had a house not far from Ascot and George became an honorary official to the Course. In conjunction with another man, he published a limited edition of a history of 'Royal Ascot', which was dedicated with the permission of the Prince of Wales to the Prince. This came out in 1900 - two years before the Prince became King Edward VII.
The racing, carriages, footmen, etc., and entertaining proved expensive and for a few years before Sarah died they were badly off. Although when she died early in 1913 her age was given as 80, she may well have been nearer 85.
In 1915 George married a young Roman Catholic woman of 23, Isabel Elizabeth (Bessie) and he had to promise to let his children be brought up in that faith. However, when the first child was born, George felt that he had promised under duress and, with the assistance of his nephew Stuart Cawthorne took the boy to be baptised as an Anglican, with the names GEORGE WILLIAM BALLYMAN. However, the remaining six children were allowed to be brought up as R.Cs.
After the 1914-18 war, George prospered and acquired extensive property in Westminster for redevelopment (Marshal Street, Tachbrook St., Great Peter Street, Horseferry Row, Petty France, etc.) and later purchased Staplehurst Place in Kent ( now known as Iden Old Manor - see photo). He became a Governor of the City of Westminster School and of Sutton Valence and was an active Freemason.
To an outsider he seemed a very prosperous man, but when he died at only 60 in 1929, the "Great Depression" of the 30's was just around the corner, with the result that when his executors eventually obtained probate and tried to sell his properties in 1930, they fetched little above the amounts for which they had been mortgaged. He thus left a widow and seven children of 13 years and under, badly off.
The religious differences brought Unhappiness, even after George's death, as in his Will the children could not inherit unless they, in effect, renounced the Catholic faith - so not only was the Estate reduced in value by the delay in obtaining probate, but by the very large legal and court fees which it had to bear.
Bessie felt that she had to ask that the Will be contested and as all the children were minors, the Official Solicitor was appointed to act on their behalf. Eventually, the Judge held that the children as minors were not capable of holding any religious profession and that all monies, including George's share (he was C. of E.) must be held in trust until the children each attained their majority.
Probate : "CAWTHORNE George James of 61 Petty France Westminster Middlesex died 21 October 1929 at the Cottage Hospital Purley Surrey Probate London 6 February to Alfred Matthew Cawthorne architect Edith Ellen Tom (wife of Nicholas Edward Tom) and Arthur Owen Warren solicitor. Effects £52,979 19s 1d" This appears to show that George left his estate to his brother Alfred, his sister Edith and his solicitor. (NSC : Was this prior to the court case referred to above by Uncle Clement?)
GRANT OF COAT OF ARMS TO GEORGE JAMES CAWTHORNE
TO ALL AND SINGULAR to whom these Presents shall come we Sir Albert William Woods, Knight, Garter Principal King of Arms and Walter Aston Blount, Esquire, Clarenceux King of Arms of the South East and West Parts of England from the River Trent Southwards, Send Greetings WHEREAS Her Majesty by Warrant under Her Royal Signet and Sign Manual bearing date 26th day of December last signify unto The Most Noble Henry, Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshall and Hereditary Marshall of England, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, that she has been graciously pleased to give and grant unto George James Churley of Stretton House in the Royal Borough of Leamington Spa in the County of Warwick, Gentleman, eldest son of Ballyman Churley of Cullompton in the County of Devon, Gentleman, by Emily Janet his Wife, Sister of George Cawthorne, late of Port Louis in the Island of Mauritius Gentleman, deceased, Her Royal Licence and Authority that he may use the surname of Cawthorne, in lieu and instead of his own surname of Churley and that he may take and use the Arms of Cawthorne and that such surname and Arms may in like manner be taken, borne and used by his issue; such Arms being first duly exemplified according to the Laws of Arms and recorded in the College of Arms otherwise the said Royal Licence and Permission be void and of none effect AND FOR AS MUCH AS the said Earl Marshall did by Warrant under his hand and seal bearing date 22nd day of March following authorize and direct Us to grant and exemplify such Arms accordingly KNOW YE THEREFORE that he, the said Garter and Clarenceux in obedience to the Royal Command in pursuance of His Grace's Warrant and by virtue of the Letters Patent of Our several Offices to each of Us respectively granted do by this Presence grant any exemplify unto the said George James Churley now George James Cawthorne the Arms following, that is to say Quarterly per Pale indented ermine and gules gutte d'or a Fess nebuly Or in the first and fourth quarters and Lion's head couped Azure, in the second two Wings cojoined in line Or, and in the fourth a Chess-rook Argent - And for the Crest on a Wreath of Colours A Thorn Tree there-on of Cornish Chough proper between two Wings Sable and charged with a Chess-rook Or, as the same are in the margin hereof more plainly depicted, to be borne and used for ever hereafter by him, the said George, James Cawthorne and his issue pursuant to the tenor of the said Royal Warrant and according to the Laws of Arms IN WITNESS WHEREOF We, the said Garter and Clarenceux Kings of Arms have to these Presents subscribed Our names and affixed the Seals of Our several Offices this second day of April in the Fifty-fifth year of the Reign of Our Sovereign Lady Victoria by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom and Great Britain and Ireland, Queen, Defender of the Faith etc. and in the year of Our Lord One thousand eight hundred and ninety-two.
Sealed ALBERT W. WOODS Garter WALTER ASTON BLOUNT Garter
On the back:- Recorded in the College of Arms, London,William H. Weldon,Windsor Herald,Registrar.
20 May 1924 : Sails from Southampton to Tangiers on the KAWI. Age given as 52 (although he was 55?) and "not accompanied by wife". Profession : Architect. Also knew Arthur Lunn the ski pioneer.
- 1871 Census :
Albert B Churley Head 40 Pianoforte Tuner
Emily Churley Wife 35
Emily E J Daughter 6
Edith E Daughter 3
George J Son 2
Alfred M Son 1
Mary Cawthorne Mother 71
Emma Evans ??? 13
all lived at Hawthorne Cottage, Sydenham, Kent.
Note : Churley appears to be spelt with an E, whereas in the 1861 Census it was without an E.
- WILL :
George James CAWTHORNE of 61 Petty France Westminster Middlesex died 21 Oct 1929 at the Cottage Hospital Purley Surrey Probate London 6 February to Alfred Matthew Cawthorne architect Edith Ellen Tom (wife of Nicholas Edward Tom) and Arthur Owen Warren solicitor. Effects £52,989 19s 1d.
- Changed name to CAWTHORNE by Deed Poll in April 1891